Aerial photograph of the area. On the left we see Turco, right Cross Roads and the Canadian dugouts. The British fronline runs at the bottom of the image, the german lines above (left). Another aerial photograph of Cross Roads and the German lines in the back (right).

A third excavation site was a place where Canadian soldiers built some dugouts before the Second Battle of Ypres. They show up very clearly on several aerial photographs taken during the war. Although we gained the permission from the owner (Mr. P. Descamps ) to excavate the area, there were unfortunately very few results.
Meanwhile we found the reason why: a historical document, found by Peter Barton (All Party War Graves and Battlefields Heritage Group / Parapet Archives ), showed us that the British soldiers destroyed the dugouts in May 1917 for tactical reasons. They were probably also used by the Germans as forward observation posts. On the World War I aerial photographs we can clearly see several paths leading from the German lines to the dugouts. The only traces found during the excavation were shell holes and some remains of ammunition (grenades and shell-cases from 13 and 18 pounder artillery and 4.5-inch Howitzer). The most important discovery on this site was a cap badge from the Royal Irish Fusiliers.
Although we had hoped to find in this area the remains of a sap leading to a jumping off trench (These Jumping off trenches were dug to narrow the distance which the troops had to cover to cross no manís land on the 31st of July (Third Battle of Ypres) which was used to start the Third Battle of Ypres, but unfortunately we were unable to locate it.