Most of the finds are part of the standard equipment used by the British soldiers (More information about the Standard Equipment can be found in BERRAFATO 1995, p. 36-47). Several buttons from uniforms were found in different structures. A well preserved woollen stocking also was recovered from one of the trenches. A standard red copper spoon was lying in the collapsed shelter. Two blue standard water bottles were retrieved in a trench. Every soldier carried one of these with him. In another trench an aniline pencil was found. These were used by the soldiers to write messages or letters to their homes. Finally, it’s worth mentioning a standard hair-comb. Besides those, there were many objects used in every day life on the front. Especially numerous were fragments from ceramic rum jars, found in almost every concentration of war-related artefacts. Rum was used to reinforce the moral of the troops during the war. It was also consumed in cold periods. The letters SRD were written on each jar, meaning Supply Rum Depot (More information can be found on the website http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWrum.htm). Another important category of objects are glass containers including bottles used for beer, wine, water, other drinks and medicines. Several examples were found on the Turco site. On some of them the marks from the production factories were still visible. From time to time screw caps from iron jerrycans (petrol-tins) were retrieved. Two pickaxes were also collected from the site. Near the collapsed shelter the remains of a jackboot were found, which was made in New York by the brand Goodyear. Fireballs from a flare pistol were also spotted on the site.
Of course, the single class of finds consists of ammunition: bullets, shells, shrapnel-balls, grenades, etc. Hand grenades are very common, and several types have been collected (Mills, Jam Tin grenades, Hale). (More information can be found on the web site http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/grenades.htm).
On the Turco site there was a dump of Mills hand grenades, and two rifle-grenades Many of the shells and shell fragments found on the excavation site were filled with a conventional payload, with a toxic payload or with lead ‘shrapnel’ balls (More information about the schrapnel can be found in HAMILTON 1915, p. 251-259). Very interesting are two self-made improvised grenades, made with the remains of 18-pounder shells.
Two soldiers were recovered and examined on the site. You will find more information about it in the chapter "soldiers".